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Diagnosis, Prevention, and Treatment of Type-2 Diabetes

Diagnosis, prevention, and treatment are just a few of the things you need to know about Type-2 Diabetes. You will need to fast for at least eight hours before the test. You can avoid it, however, by balancing your diabetes medicine with a healthy diet and regular physical activity. Read on to learn more. Once you have a diagnosis, your goal is to improve your lifestyle and balance your diabetes medicines. A healthy lifestyle means eating the right foods, being physically active, and taking diabetes medicine appropriately.


While lifestyle intervention is one of the most common ways of managing type 2 diabetes, it cannot be relied on alone. Changing one’s lifestyle can make all the difference in the management of this disease. The American Diabetes Association recommends regular follow-up visits with your doctor. A change in lifestyle can help you lower your blood sugar levels and maintain good glycemic control. But if lifestyle intervention doesn’t work, your doctor will likely recommend pharmacotherapy.

If metformin is the only treatment option, your doctor may also prescribe another drug. A1C tests can help determine the average blood sugar levels over the past three months. Once you’ve determined your A1C level, your doctor can prescribe metformin and/or other drugs to lower it. Each of these medications will reduce your A1C level by a specific percentage. Some drugs can reduce the level by as much as 1.5 percent.

Glucose-lowering drugs called SGLT-2 inhibitors may be another option for you. They are used to lower blood glucose levels by slowing the emptying of the stomach. They may also reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. The downside is that they are not always suitable for people with type 2 diabetes. In addition to lowering your glucose levels, SGLT-2 inhibitors can also improve your kidney function and reduce your risk of heart failure and kidney damage.


While the number of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is growing rapidly, prevention of this condition has received little attention until the last 15 years. Moreover, diabetes prevention is not an easy task; it requires simultaneous modification of multiple risk factors. However, some published studies have suggested that certain lifestyle changes may help slow the progression of the disease. In this article, we will discuss the key steps for type 2 diabetes prevention. We also provide links to resources for you to learn about various lifestyle modifications.

The WHO study group recommended the implementation of national diabetes prevention programmes in 1994. However, until recently, no such program had been implemented in the world. Besides, the incidence of type 2 diabetes has skyrocketed across the world, in large part because of an increase in physical inactivity and obesity. These two factors are responsible for the increase in diabetes prevalence in this country. Moreover, the increasing prevalence of diabetes is a major public health concern.

Increasing physical activity is a key component in prevention of type 2 diabetes. While physical activity is crucial to reducing risk factors, some exercises may not be appropriate for everyone. Therefore, national diabetes prevention programs should include both a population and high risk strategy. If you are a young person, make sure that you perform at least 30 minutes of aerobic activity each day. Moreover, if you are an adult, try to get at least 150 minutes of physical activity per week.


While you might think you’ll need to give up all sugary foods and start exercising every day, a diagnosis of type-2 diabetes shouldn’t mean you have to change your entire lifestyle. Instead, a diabetic diet and moderate physical activity can help you reduce your risk of developing the disease and keep it under control. By making these changes, you’ll be able to improve your health in many ways. Here are some steps to follow:

Your doctor will perform a number of blood tests to determine if you have type 2 diabetes. A fasting blood glucose level, also known as an A1C test, and an oral glucose tolerance test will be performed. Other tests, including an oral glucose tolerance test, may also be used to rule out other possible causes. These tests may also overlap with other medical conditions, making it vital to have a thorough physical examination.

Other symptoms of type-2 diabetes include a need to urinate more frequently than usual. The number of bathroom trips varies, depending on lifestyle and the amount of alcohol a person consumes. However, if you are urinating more than seven or eight times daily, you may have type 2 diabetes. Some people may also experience sudden weight loss, which is a warning sign if your diet remains the same. Other symptoms of type-2 diabetes include blurred vision, which can occur suddenly or gradually, and headaches, which are generally severe and occur more frequently than usual.

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